Cartoon is a form of illustrated visual art of two dimensions. The specific definition of the cartoon has changed over many years, and the modern usage has changed from non-realistic to semi-realistic drawings and paintings which are intended to be humorous, caricatures and satire. The artists who have created themost influential and classic cartoons of all time are called cartoonists. The concept of the cartoon started in the Middle Ages, and it was described as the preparatory of drawing a piece of art on stained glass, tapestry, fresco and painting. In the 19th century, it was referred to as the humorous illustrations for magazines or newspapers. In the 20th century, it was called animated films or comic strips.
The cartoon used to be known as the full size drawing which is made on sturdy paper, tapestry, stained glass or a painting. Cartoons were typically made in the production of the frescoes and they linked accurately to the components of the composition when it was painted on the damp plaster later. These cartoons had pinpricks creating the outlines of the design and a bag of soot was pounced or patted on the cartoon when it was held on the wall, leaving some black dots on the plaster.
With modern media, the cartoon is a piece of art which is normally intended to be humorous. Its more modern usage started in the year 1843 with Punch magazine. The magazine applied satirical drawings in its pages, and this was the introduction of the parodied preparatory cartoons on the grand historical frescoes. The modern single panel with the gag cartoons was found in magazines, and it normally consisted of single drawings with typeset captions which are positioned under it or they use the speech balloons.
Political cartoons are illustrated editorials that serve visual commentaries on political events. They often have subtle criticism that has been cleverly quoted using humor or satire, and sometimes the criticism is not so subtle. The first political cartoon was from William Hogarth and it is regarded as the precursor of the development of political cartoons.
These cartoons are used in the fields of technology, mathematics and science. In the US, a well-known science cartoonist is Sidney Harris. There are also cartoons that are related to chemistry.
New gag cartoons have been created for book publications. Cartoons are a popular form of illustration for books.
Since there were similarities between the early animated movies with comic strips, the cartoons came to be used for animation and the word cartoon is now being used for gag cartoons and animated cartoons. Even if the animation has been designed for any style of illustrated images that change in rapid succession in order to give the impression of movement, a word cartoon is normally used as a description for television programs or short films that are meant to be watched by children. They feature superheroes and anthropomorphized animals with adventures children enjoy. A cartoon word can be shortened to make a word toon.